- NAJAKS – Nordic Association of Japanese and Korean Studies - http://www.najaks.org -

The Peculiar Dative Marking of Giver with Verbs of Receiving in Japanese

Posted By admin On May 31, 2013 @ 9:00 am In Abstracts for 2013, Linguistics and Language Teaching | Comments Disabled

Tomoko Okazaki Hansen, Associate Professor

Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages

University of Oslo

This study aims at tracing the use of the peculiar dative marking of giver in Japanese by using corpus of Late Old Japanese (800-1200 AD) and modern Japanese.

It is very unusual in the languages of the world that giver is expressed with dative, which is typically associated with a recipient, as in Watashi-wa chichi-ni okane-wo moratta (I-topic father-dative money-accusative receive-past “I received money from my father”). To the best of my knowledge, only Korean (with a few verbs) and Japanese mark giver with dative.

Many languages use ablative such as ‘from’ and ‘of(f)’. This is because objectively giver is the source of thing recipient receives, as in I received money from my father (my father = giver). In fact, Japanese also uses ablative to mark giver along with dative.

In this presentation, the result of the corpus investigation of major receive verbs from Late Old Japanese (800-1200 AD) and modern Japanese will be presented and the implication of the findings will be discussed. The corpus data for this study are taken from Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese (BCCWJ) and the digital corpus of classical Japanese which is currently under development at National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics.

Article printed from NAJAKS – Nordic Association of Japanese and Korean Studies: http://www.najaks.org

URL to article: http://www.najaks.org/?p=1045